Fertility and Infertility FAQs

There are a lot of myths surrounding issues of fertility and infertility. If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, it may be helpful to know the basic fertility and infertility FAQs.

When is a woman’s most fertile time?

  • A woman’s most fertile time is during ovulation. Ovulation typically occurs within day 11 through day 21 of a woman’s cycle.
  • Counting from the first day of a woman’s last period, day 1 is the first day a woman starts bleeding, and the 11th day is most likely the earliest day a woman will ovulate. The 21st day is most likely the last. A woman’s period comes between the 28th and 32nd day of the cycle. This pattern may differ slightly with each woman depending on a variety of factors.

Is infertility a female problem?

Infertility is a couple’s problem. Half of the medical issues lie with the male partner.

How common is infertility?

  • Infertility is a growing issue for many females. Infertility affects 6.1 million American females (approximately 10% of American females of childbearing age).
  • 25% of infertile females have more than one cause of infertility.
  • The current increase in infertility might be the result of more women choosing to delay starting a family until later in life when their reproductive health can be affected.
  • The increase of some STDs such as Chlamydia can result in conditions such as blocked tubes, preventing pregnancy from occurring.

How long should a couple try to conceive before going to the doctor?

  • The American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that a woman consults her health care provider if she is: 1) under 35 years old and has been trying to conceive for more than 12 months, or 2) over 35 years old and has been trying to conceive for over 6 months.

Can you find out earlier if you have fertility issues?

  • You always have the option of asking your health care provider to conduct a complete examination to determine if either partner has possible fertility issues. You can also choose to do at-home fertility testing, available for both men and women.

Does the position chosen for intercourse affect fertility?

  • After ejaculation, enough sperm will remain inside the woman to fertilize an egg. Therefore, there is no significant advantage of one intercourse position over another.

Fertility and infertility FAQs about treatments

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Compiled using information from the following sources:

1. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)


1. RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association