Whether you are trying to get pregnant or looking for ways to avoid pregnancy while engaging in sex, a common question is whether or not you can have sex and get pregnant on your period? Similarly, many people ask can you get pregnant right after your period or is it possible to get pregnant right before your period. You are not alone if either of these is one of your questions.
The probabilities of getting pregnant in these different situations vary. Some of the situations noted above are better for trying to conceive than the other, while one of the above is better for having sex with a lesser chance of getting pregnant.
Can You Get Pregnant on Your Period?
The question about whether you can get pregnant on your period or not is probably the most common of the three situations noted above. The answer is yes and no. The probability is that you would not get pregnant having sex during your period.
Apart from being messier and less desirable, having sex during your period will more than likely not result in getting pregnant. More than likely, your ovulation is several days away decreasing any chances of conceiving during this time.
However, there are exceptions. The above applies to women who have typical 28 to 30 day or longer cycles. If you happen to be one of the individuals who has a shorter cycle there is a chance you could get pregnant while having sex during your period.
Now you are asking, “How does that happen?” If your cycle is shorter, for example, every 21 to 24 days, this means you are ovulating earlier in the cycle. Sperm can live inside you for 2, 3 and up to 5 days. You could have sex towards the end of your bleeding and then actually conceive 4 or 5 days later with your early ovulation.
The probabilities of getting pregnant while on your period are low, but the possibilities are there. This is not the time to have sex if you are trying to get pregnant.
Can You Get Pregnant Right After Your Period?
Yes, you can get pregnant right after your period. You are actually starting to move into your fertility window. On a typical cycle that occurs every 28 to 30 days, the fertility window is usually between Day 11 and Day 21. As noted above sperm can live 2, 3 and up to 5 days. If your period (bleeding time) last for 5 to 7 days, and you have sex right after that, you are approaching your fertility window.
If you stop bleeding on Day 6, have sex on Day 7, and ovulate on Day 11. It is possible that the sperm from Day 6 will be waiting in your fallopian tubes for conception. Of course, your chances of conceiving right after your period increase with each day after your bleeding has stopped. If you are trying to conceive this is a good time to start having sex. Increase your chances of conception by having sex every other day for the next 14 days.
Can You Get Pregnant Right Before Your Period?
The likelihood of getting pregnant right before your period is extremely low. For women who have a typical cycle of 28 to 30 days or longer and their cycles are regular, it is fairly safe to say that your ovulation occurred between Day 11 and Day 21. The egg is only available for 12 to 24 hours for conception.
This would mean that the days right before your period are the safest for having sex without the expectation of getting pregnant. The number of “safe days” right before your period go up with longer cycles and lessen with shorter cycles.
If you know when ovulation occurred and you wait for 36 to 48 hours later, then you should be beyond the possibilities of conception. The further you move away from ovulation, the less likely your chance will be for conceiving. This is not the time to be having sex if you are trying to conceive. However, it is still a good time to enjoy the intimacy with your partner.
If you are trying to get pregnant, the President of the American Pregnancy Association wrote the book, the Essential Guide to Getting Pregnant, specifically to help those who were trying to get pregnant. The book shares what each couple needs to know to maximize their chances to conceive.
Last updated: June 12, 2018 at 9:36 am