Adoption Options

What are your adoption options?  You might be asking this question as potential adoptive parents or as a birth mother.  There are several different types of adoptions for you to choose from.  The important thing is to select the adoption option that is right for you.

Types of Adoptions

Agency Adoption

Public: Usually financially supported and managed by the state, county, or city. This option might be more expensive than the private option, due to extended services.

Independent Adoption

Private: Here, an attorney deals with mostly infant adoptions, but can also deal with non-infants. A private adoption agency may also be a facilitator in these cases.

Several Choices of Adoptions

Open: Allows birth parents and adoptive parents to meet before the baby is born, and to exchange contact information (addresses and phone numbers) throughout the adopted child’s life. In this situation, it is also possible for the families to visit one another.
Semi-Open: The birth parents are able to pick the adoptive parents from a profile and are able to receive updates by pictures and other information through their connection with an adoption agency.
Closed: The birth parents and adoptive parents do not meet, exchange information, or contact one another.

International Adoption

Choosing a country can be challenging. Countries that are frequently sources of children for adoption include Russia, China, Romania, Guatemala, Vietnam, Cambodia, and India. An adoption agency or attorney can help start your search.

Foster Adoption

  • Usually involves older children
  • Typically low cost because they are done through the state

Stepparent Adoption

  • More than half of United States adoptions are stepparent adoptions.
  • A home study is usually conducted in advance to help ensure the child’s safety.

Next Steps

The best step to take now is to contact an adoption professional and explore the various adoption options above. Feel free to ask questions and learn about each option in more detail. It is appropriate to contact additional adoption professionals and get second opinions or different perspectives.

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