Birth Defects & Disorders

Congenital CMV And Birth Defects

Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is a very common member of the herpes family of viruses. By age 40, half of the adult population has been infected with CMV. Usually, a CMV infection is short-lived, does not produce noticeable symptoms, and afterward lies dormant in the body for life. But what happens if a pregnant woman picks up […]

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Phenylketonuria (PKU)

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disease caused by a genetic mutation. This disease used to be very difficult to diagnose, but for the last 40+ years, a PKU test has been a part of the neonatal screening process in the United States. If not immediately, continually, and properly treated by a particular diet, PKU can […]

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Zika Virus And Pregnancy

The Zika virus have been declared as a global public health emergency by the World Health Organization. Learn about the risks associated to pregnant women and tips on how to prevent contracting the Zika virus during pregnancy.

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Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that occurs approximately 7 times in every 10,000 pregnancies. Here are common symptoms of spina bifida, as well as ways to lower the risk.

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Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21

Down Syndrome, the most common birth defect in the US, affects around 6,000 babies a year. Here are symptoms, risk factors, and screening information for the disorder.

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Congenital Heart Defects (CHDs)

The most common form of birth defects are congenital heart defects. This article describes the causes, symptoms, and treatments of congenital heart defects.

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Cleft Lip And Cleft Palate

The 4th most common birth defect is a cleft lip or cleft palate. Caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, it can be addressed by surgery and orthodontic care.

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy, a disorder that affects cognitive and physical functioning, occurs in 2-3 births out of every 1,000. Here is more about signs, symptoms and treatments.

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Autism

Autism is one of the most common birth disorders. It affects emotional and mental functioning. There are a number of resources that provide information for further research.

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Turner Syndrome

When one X chromosome is missing or only partially present in females, Turner syndrome is the result. Here are common symptoms, as well as treatments for the disorder.

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