The emotional side effects of an abortion will vary from one woman to another. Some women report a sense of relief after having an abortion. The question most people have is, “What are the potential emotional and psychological risks following an abortion?”
Emotional and psychological effects are more common than physical side effects and can range from mild regret to more serious complications like depression. It is important to discuss these risks with a trained professional who can address your questions and concerns. Abortion and emotional side effect are just as real as physical side effects.
What are the potential emotional and psychological sides effects following an abortion?
The following is a list of potential emotional and psychological side effects of an abortion. The intensity or duration of these effects will vary from one person to another. Potential side effects include:
- Guilty feelings
- Sense of loneliness or isolation
- Loss of self confidence
- Insomnia or nightmares
- Relationship issues
- Suicidal thoughts and feelings
- Eating disorders
Are there individuals who are more prone to experience emotional side effects?
It is possible for anyone to experience an unexpected emotional or psychological side effect following an abortion. Women commonly report that the abortion procedure affected them more than they expected. However, some individuals are more susceptible to experiencing some type of emotional or psychological struggle. Women with a higher probability of having a negative emotional or psychological side effect include:
- Individuals with previous emotional or psychological issues
- Individuals who have been coerced, forced or persuaded to get an abortion
- Individuals with religious beliefs that conflict with abortion
- Individuals with moral or ethical views that conflict with abortion
- Individuals who obtain an abortion in the later stages of pregnancy
- Individuals without support from significant others or their partner
- Women obtaining an abortion for genetic or fetal abnormalities
What are the recommendations for someone considering an abortion?
Get Help – Probably the most important thing you can do when facing an unplanned pregnancy is to communicate with trained professionals who can answer your questions and discuss your individual circumstances with you.
Avoid Isolation – If you are experiencing an unplanned pregnancy, you might have the tendency to withdraw from others, to keep the matter a secret and try to face the issue alone. Although it can be difficult, try to stay connected with family and friends who can support you. Too much isolation under these circumstances can lead to depression.
Evaluate Your Circumstances – Evaluate your circumstances to see if they include any of the situations listed previously regarding individuals who are more likely to experience one or more side effects. Discuss your situation with someone who can help you give you perspective and understanding.
Avoid Pressure – Avoid people who are pressuring you you to do what they think is best. Whether you opt to parent, place your baby, or have an abortion, you are the one who is going to have to live with your choice.
Talk to Others – See if you can find someone who has gone through an unplanned pregnancy or had an abortion to find out what it was like for them.
Compiled using information from the following sources:
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Adler, Nancy. (1989) University of California at San Francisco, Statement on Behalf of the American Psychological Association Before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Operations, U.S. House of Representatives: 130-140.
Adler, Nancy., et al (1990). “Psychological Responses after Abortion.” Science, 248(4951), 41-4.
Dagg, Paul. (1991) “The Psychological Sequelae of Therapeutic Abortion – Denied and Completed.” American Journal of Psychiatry, 148(5), 578-85.
Gilchrist, A., et al. (1995). “Termination of Pregnancy and Psychiatric Morbidity.” British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(2), 243-8.
Kishida, Yakuko. (2001). “Anxiety in Japanese Women After Elective Abortion.” Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 30, 490-5.
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Russo, Nancy & Denious, Jean. (2001) “Violence in the Lives of Women Having Abortions: Implications for Practice and Public Policy.” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(2), 142-50.
Zabin, Laurie, et al. (1989). “When Urban Adolescents Chose Abortion: Effects on Education, Psychological Status, and Subsequent Pregnancy.” Family Planning Perspectives, 21(6), 248-55.
Zolese, G. & Blacker, C. (1992). “The Psychological Complications of Therapeutic Abortion.” British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 742-9.