Términos de la Infertilidad que Debes Saber

 Terms of Infertility you Should Know

Adverse outcomes : a pregnancy that did not result in a live birth, including miscarriage, induced terminations and stillbirths.

ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology): Any procedure in which eggs are removed are surgery of the ovaries of a woman and combined with sperm to help a woman become pregnant. ART procedures include in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT).

ART cycle: The process includes 1) a method of ART 2) simulation of the ovaries or 3) frozen thawed embryos for transfer to a woman. This process begins when a woman begins fertility drugs or had their ovaries monitored for producing follicles.

The canceled cycle : An ART cycle in which ovarian stimulation was performed but was stopped before eggs were retrieved, or in the case of frozen embryos before the embryos were transferred cycles. The reasons that a cycle has been canceled may include: developing eggs, the patient became ill, or the patient chose to stop treatment.

Combined cycle: An ART cycle, which uses more than one ART procedure. Combination of IVF cycles combined with GIFT or ZIFT.

The concentration of motile sperm: A measurement of sperm, which can easily swim to fertilize the egg. According to the World Health Organization, there must be a minimum of 10 million motile sperm per milliliter of semen.

Cryopreservation: The process of freezing of extra embryos ART cycle of a couple for potential future use.

Diminished ovarian reserve: A diagnosed condition which means that the ability to produce ovarian eggs are reduced. The reasons may be (older than 40) congenital, medical and surgical causes or advanced maternal age.

Donor Egg Cycle: An embryo is formed from the egg of a woman (the donor) and then transferred to another woman who is unable to use her own eggs (the recipient). All rights of parents are giving Konaté.

The donor embryo: An embryo that is donated by a couple who had previously ART treatment and have extra embryos available. All rights donor parents are abandoned.

Ectopic Pregnancy: A pregnancy in which the fertilized egg implants in a place outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or abdominal cavity.

Egg: A female reproductive cell, also called an oocyte or egg.

Egg recovery (also called oocyte retrieval): A procedure for collecting the eggs contained in the ovarian follicles.

Egg transfer (also called transfer oocyte): The procedure for transferring eggs retrieved from the fallopian tubes of a woman through laparoscopy, used only in GIFT.

Embryo: An egg that has been fertilized by a sperm and that has been divided one or more times.

Embryo transfer: The process of placing an embryo in a woman’s uterus through the cervix after in vitro fertilization (IVF). During zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) embryos are placed in the fallopian tubes of a woman.

Endometriosis: A medical condition that involves the presence of similar to the uterine lining tissue in abnormal places. This condition can affect both fertilization of the egg and embryo implantation.

Fertilization: The penetration of the ovum by the sperm and the resulting combination of genetic material that develops into an embryo.

Fetus: The offspring born of the eighth week after conception until birth.

Follicle: A structure in the ovary that contains a developing egg.

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH): A hormone produced by the pituitary gland that helps an egg to mature and be freed. High levels of FSH indicate that ovarian reserve is low and chances of conceiving are poor.

Eggs, sperm or fresh embryos: eggs, sperm or embryos that have not been frozen. However, fresh embryos might have been conceived using fresh or frozen semen.

Frozen embryo cycle: ART cycle in which embryos frozen (cryopreserved) is thawed and transferred to the woman.

Gamete: A reproductive cell, either a sperm or an egg.

GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer): An ART procedure that involves removing eggs from the woman’s ovary, combining them with sperm, and using a laparoscope to place the unfertilized eggs and sperm in the fallopian tubes of women through small incisions in the abdomen.

Surrogacy: A woman carrying an embryo that was formed from the egg of another woman. The other woman who donated her eggs usually has a contractual obligation to return the child to his parents understood.

Gestational sac: A fluid-filled structure that develops in the uterus during early pregnancy. In a normal pregnancy, gestational sac containing a fetus.

Research Home Fertility Test kits fertility allowing the detection of fertility in men and women.

ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection): A procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg; This procedure is most commonly used to overcome problems of male infertility.

Induced abortion: An operation or other medical procedure used to terminate a pregnancy.

IUI (intrauterine insemination): a medical procedure that involves placing sperm in a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI not considered an ART process, as they involve the handling of eggs.

IVF (in vitro fertilization): An ART procedure that involves removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them outside her body. The resulting embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus through the cervix.

Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure in which a fiberoptic instrument (one laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen to see inside the pelvis.

Live birth: The delivery of one or more babies with some sign of life.

Male Factor: Any cause of infertility due to low sperm count or problems with sperm function that make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg under normal conditions.

Miscarriage (also called spontaneous abortion): A pregnancy ending in spontaneous loss of the embryo or fetus before 20 weeks of gestation.

Multi fetal pregnancy reduction: a procedure used to reduce the number of women carrying fetuses to improve the chances that the remaining fetuses become healthy children. Fetal naturally occurring multi reductions referred to as spontaneous reduction. This procedure is also known as the selective reduction.

Multiple factors, women only: This diagnostic category means diagnosed more than one cause of female infertility.

Multiple factors, women and men: a diagnostic category when one or more causes of female infertility and infertility male factor used diagnosed together.

Multiple born child: a pregnancy resulting in the birth of more than one baby

Multiple pregnancy -feto: a pregnancy with two or more fetuses, determined by the number of fetal hearts observed in an ultrasound performed early in pregnancy.

Oocytes: The female reproductive cell, also known as an egg.

Other causes of infertility: These include immunological problems, chromosomal abnormalities, cancer, chemotherapy, and serious illnesses.

Ovarian monitoring: The use of ultrasound tests and / or blood or urine to monitor follicle development and hormone production.

R eserve ovarian: Refers to the fertility potential of women in the absence of problems in the reproductive tract (fallopian tubes, uterus or vagina).

Ovarian stimulation: The use of drugs to stimulate the ovaries to develop follicles and eggs.

Ovulatory dysfunction: a diagnostic category used when a woman’s ovaries are not producing eggs normally. It includes polycystic ovary syndrome and multiple ovarian cysts.

Pregnancy (clinical): A documented pregnancy ultrasound showing a gestational sac in the uterus. For data collection ART, pregnancy is defined as a clinical pregnancy rather than a chemical pregnancy (ie a positive pregnancy test).

Pregnancy symptoms: A group of physical changes that occur in the body of a woman related to pregnancy and increased levels of the hormone hCG.

Sperm: The male reproductive cell.

Sperm motility: the ability of sperm to swim fast forward to fertilize the egg. It also refers to sperm motility.

Stillborn (stillbirth) fetal death that occurs after 20 weeks gestation.

Stimulated cycle: ART cycle in which a woman receives orally or injected fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce more follicles.

The cycle of thawed embryos: As the cycle of frozen embryos.

The cycle of thawed embryos: As the cycle of frozen embryos.

Tubal Factor: a diagnostic category used when the fallopian tubes of women are blocked or damaged, making it difficult for the egg to be fertilized or an embryo travels to the uterus.

Ultrasound: A technique used in ART for visualization of follicles in the ovaries, the gestational sac or fetus.

Cause of unexplained infertility: a diagnostic category used when no cause of infertility is on the woman or man.

Unstimulated cycle: ART cycle in which the woman does not receive drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce more follicles. Instead, follicles develop naturally.

Uterine factor: a structural or functional disorder of the uterus that results in reduced fertility.

ZIFT (embryo transfer to the fallopian tubes): An ART procedure in which eggs are collected from a woman’s ovary and fertilized outside her body. A laparoscope is then used to place the resulting zygote (fertilized egg) into the fallopian tubes of women through a small incision in the abdomen.