Vitamin Overdose

During pregnancy, it is important to get the proper nutrients to foster healthy fetal development. You may be tempted to take a multivitamin in addition…

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Pregnancy Dreams

If you are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant, it’s important to be aware of the possible changes that could occur. You may already know…

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Halloween and Pregnant

Halloween is a fun time for both kids and adults filled with fall festivals, Halloween parties, and handing out candy to trick-or-treaters.  Part of the…

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Vomiting During Pregnancy

Unfortunately, vomiting during pregnancy is a common occurrence, with as many as 60-70% of pregnant women experiencing vomiting as an unpleasant symptom of morning sickness….

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Pregnancy After Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation is a procedure that one in four married couples will choose as a form of birth control. Otherwise known as “having your tubes…

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Hives During Pregnancy

About 1 in 5 pregnant women experience changes in their skin during pregnancy, including acne, skin darkening, and stretch marks. Although women may feel self-conscious…

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Pregnancy After Vasectomy

A vasectomy is a procedure that many married couples choose as a form of birth control.  This is a procedure similar to a woman where…

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Eating Shrimp During Pregnancy

Every pregnant woman wants to eat well during her pregnancy, and a common question is, “What is safe to eat while pregnant?” Most women have…

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Track Ovulation with Irregular Periods

How do you track ovulation with irregular periods?  This question is more common than you might think. Irregular periods create a challenge in tracking ovulation and…

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Laxatives During Pregnancy

Constipation is a common complaint during pregnancy, which means questions about using laxatives during pregnancy are frequent as well.  If you are experiencing constipation, you…

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Dehydration During Pregnancy

Should you be concerned about dehydration during pregnancy? The answer is yes. Dehydration is the result of your body losing water faster than you are…

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Pregnancy Emotions

Pregnancy emotions or more emotional? Changing emotions are, for many women, one of the most common side effects during pregnancy. It can be frustrating and…

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Sharp Pain During Pregnancy

Is a sharp pain during pregnancy normal? During pregnancy, your body will undergo many changes as it adapts to the growing life inside of you. You…

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Lifting During Pregnancy

As your growing baby develops in the womb, your body will go through changes to make room for the baby. Your uterus is expanding as…

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Pregnancy Workout

One of the best things you can do for yourself during pregnancy is to start or maintain a healthy lifestyle. This can include anything from…

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Wine During Pregnancy

Can you drink wine during pregnancy?  A common area of concern during pregnancy is over what you can eat and drink while pregnant. It can…

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Adalimumab During Pregnancy

The primary reason that individuals take Adalimumab is for rheumatoid arthritis.  This makes the use of Adalimumab during pregnancy doubtful.  However, there are still a…

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Albuterol During Pregnancy

Is Albuterol safe during pregnancy?  This is a common question for women who are using albuterol and discover that they are pregnant.  Albuterol is used…

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Nosebleeds During Pregnancy

Is there an increased risk of nosebleeds during pregnancy?  When you become pregnant your circulatory system must expand in order to accommodate your baby. With…

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Fetal Distress

Historically, the term fetal distress has been used to describe when the fetus does not receive adequate amounts of oxygen during pregnancy or labor. It…

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Prenatal Yoga

During your pregnancy your body goes through many changes, which creates stress on you mentally and physically. A way to maintain a healthy mind and…

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Cutting the Umbilical Cord

Throughout your pregnancy, the umbilical cord has functioned as the connection between your baby and the placenta. It has brought important nutrients and blood to…

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Pregnancy Glow

There are many physiological changes and common concerns that comes with pregnancy such as nausea, fatigue, or swelling. However, the pregnancy glow is one of…

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Pregnancy Line – Linea Nigra

The Pregnancy Line, which is more official called Linea Nigra, is the dark line that develops across your belly during pregnancy.  It is possible that…

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Epilepsy and Pregnancy

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder or group of disorders characterized by recurrent, unpredictable seizures. A seizure is a temporary physiological dysfunction of the brain, in…

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Can You Get Pregnant With Precum?

There are a number of situations or circumstances related to intercourse that leave people with many questions. Can you get pregnant with precum (pre-ejaculate fluid),…

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Rapid Labor

With each pregnancy, labor and birth can be quite different. Some women follow the typical course of labor, others may experience delays in labor or…

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Can You Get Pregnant on Your Period?

Whether you are trying to get pregnant or looking for ways to avoid pregnancy while engaging in sex, a common question is whether or not…

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Umbilical Cord Prolapse

During the last few weeks of pregnancy you may begin to worry more about the health and well-being of your unborn baby.  In order to…

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Prolonged Labor: Failure to Progress

Prolonged labor, also known as failure to progress, occurs when labor lasts for approximately 20 hours or more if you are a first-time mother, and…

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Fetal Arrhythmia

What is fetal arrhythmia? Fetal arrhythmia is a term that refers to any abnormality in the heart rate of your baby. These can include tachycardia–an…

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Blood Transfusions During Pregnancy

A blood transfusion is a frequently performed procedure where you receive blood through an intravenous (IV) line into one of your blood vessels.  Receiving a…

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Genital Warts During Pregnancy

What are the symptoms of genital warts during pregnancy? Is my baby safe if I have genital warts while pregnant?  How do you treat genital…

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Nitrous Oxide During Labor

As your due date approaches, you will want to become familiar with the natural and medical intervention options for pain relief. One option for pain…

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Blood Clots During Pregnancy

Blood clots are serious concerns and even more so while you are pregnant. A blood clot during pregnancy has additional risks or concerns because of…

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Vaccination During Pregnancy

Vaccinations are an important part of normal healthcare, and help prevent a number of diseases, such as the flu, hepatitis, and chicken pox. When you…

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Placenta Encapsulation

The placenta is the organ that surrounds the fetus in the womb and allows for the exchange of nutrients, blood, and waste with the mother….

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Flu During Pregnancy

During pregnancy changes occur in your immune system, heart, and lungs. Additional stress is put on the heart and lungs as the lung capacity decreases…

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Gonorrhea During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, in order to protect your growing baby, one of the most important things prioritizes your health. This can be more of a challenge…

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Second Hand Smoke and Pregnancy

All women are advised to quit smoking when they become pregnant; however, research has shown simply quitting is not enough to eliminate the risks associated…

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Syphilis During Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be a very fun and exciting time for expecting mothers and families, but along with that excitement can be many sources of stress,…

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High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

High blood pressure is a serious concern during pregnancy, especially for women who have chronic hypertension. Chronic hypertension refers to high blood pressure which is…

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Fifth Disease During Pregnancy

What is Fifth Disease? Fifth disease is a contagious infection that is caused by the human parvovirus B19 and spread through coughing, sneezing, or bodily…

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Sinus Infection While Pregnant

Sinus pressure, a stuffy nose, and a sore throat?  Welcome to a sinus infection during pregnancy.  Sinus infections while pregnant at the same time makes…

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Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy

Abdominal pain during pregnancy can be a normal part of the process as your body changes to accommodate your growing baby. While there are many…

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Getting Sick While Pregnant

Getting sick is never fun, but getting sick while pregnant is even worse. It is common for the immune system to weaken while you are…

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Cough and Cold During Pregnancy

When you become pregnant, your immune system is likely to change.  As a result of these changes, you may contract a cold or a cough…

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Breastfeeding While Pregnant

You may have just started adjusting to breastfeeding only to find out you are pregnant again. You might have a rush of questions and concerns….

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Electronic Cigarettes and Pregnancy

As an expectant mom, you may be looking for ways to quit smoking. Some may wonder if electronic cigarettes (also known as e-hookah, e-pens, vape…

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Hip Pain During Pregnancy

Hip pain during pregnancy is a common symptom that you may experience. This discomfort is most often felt late in pregnancy, specifically during the third…

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Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes is a serious disease in which your body cannot properly control the amount of sugar in your blood because it does not have enough…

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Cramping During Pregnancy

During the first trimester, cramping during pregnancy often results from normal changes that occur during your baby’s development. Cramps can generally be described as pulling…

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Nausea During Pregnancy

Nausea during pregnancy is typically one of the most experienced and complained about symptoms that women report. Up to 70 percent of expectant mothers experience…

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Fatigue During Pregnancy

Fatigue or tiredness is a common symptom during pregnancy. Some women may feel exhausted throughout their pregnancy, while some may hardly feel tired at all….

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Diarrhea During Pregnancy

Diarrhea during pregnancy is one of the unfortunate discomforts that sometimes shows up more easily. Diarrhea literally means “flowing through” and is defined as having…

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Hernia During Pregnancy

  A hernia refers to a medical condition that happens when part of an internal organ protrudes externally through an opening in a muscle. The…

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Uterus Size During Pregnancy

During pregnancy many women have questions about how their body changes and not only wonder how big their baby is, but also how big their…

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TUMS During Pregnancy

Heartburn is a common discomfort experienced during pregnancy. However, many women experience heartburn for the first time after getting pregnant. Generally, it is harmless but…

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Pregnant

“Pregnant” This may just be the word you are looking for. You may be working on getting pregnant or already asking the question, “Am I…

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Strep Throat During Pregnancy

Rest assured you are not alone if questioning strep throat during pregnancy. No one wants strep throat at any time, but pregnant moms don’t need…

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Diet During Pregnancy

What does diet during pregnancy mean? When we refer to diet during pregnancy, we are not speaking about restricting calories or trying to lose weight….

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Exercise During Pregnancy

There are usually many questions that come to mind when planning how to exercise during pregnancy. Physical exercise is bodily activity that improves or maintains…

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Spotting During Pregnancy

Spotting during pregnancy is a common concern that many pregnant women face. You are not alone with approximately 20% of women reporting that they experience…

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Nesting During Pregnancy

You might wake up one morning feeling energetic and wanting to clean and organize your entire house. This urge to clean and organize is known…

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Anemia During Pregnancy

Anemia is a medical condition in which there is not enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the tissues in the body. When…

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Gas During Pregnancy

Gas during pregnancy is a frequent occurrence, which also means that gas during pregnancy is a common concern. The typical person will pass gas approximately…

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Maternity Insurance

Maternity insurance, Pregnancy coverage, maternity coverage, or pregnancy insurance are all speaking about the same thing. This coverage can be provided by an employer or…

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Medication and Pregnancy

Medicine and pregnancy related questions are common; you are not alone. You might be trying to get pregnant and wondering about current medication use and…

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Deli Meats

Deli meats refers to cooked meats that have been sliced and prepared for sandwich and other light dining options.  These could easily be called sandwich…

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Kippered

What is kippered? Kippered usually refers to a style of food preparation involving herring, salmon or some other fish. In most cases people are referring…

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Withdrawal

What is withdrawal? The process of removing the penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation. How does it work? It works by having the male partner…

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Vaginal Ring

What is the Vaginal Ring? The vaginal ring is a soft flexible piece of plastic that contains synthetic hormones to be absorbed inside the vagina. It…

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Spermicide

What is spermicide? A chemical product that comes in the form of a jelly, foam, or cream. It is a barrier method of birth control. How…

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Overview: Types of Birth Control

Types Of Birth Control Overview Contraception is a term used for the prevention of pregnancy, and it is often referred to as birth control. There are…

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Lunelle: Monthly Injection

Lunelle is no longer available in the United States. This medication was recalled due to a concern with the effectiveness of it as a birth control method….

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Lubrication

What should I know about lubrications and condom use? Lubrications make penetration easier and help prevent the condom from tearing. Some condoms come with lubrication. Water-based lubricants…

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Intrauterine Devices: IUD

What is an Intrauterine Device? A intrauterine device is a T-shaped piece of plastic placed inside the uterus. The piece of plastic contains copper or a…

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How Pregnancy Occurs

What is Ovulation? Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from the ovary, pushed down the fallopian tube and is available to be fertilized. The…

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Fertility Awareness: Natural Family Planning (NFP)

What is fertility awareness? Fertility awareness is a collection of methods using your body’s natural and normal functioning to determine the days of the month you are…

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Ethical Considerations

It is possible that you may not have been aware that any ethical questions existed concerning contraception.  For some, there are ethical considerations for sex…

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Emergency Contraception: Morning After Pill

What is Emergency Contraception? Emergency Contraception is often referred to as “The Morning After Pill,” but it actually is a dosage of a few pills combined….

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Depo-Provera: Quarterly Injection

What is Depo-Provera? Depo-Provera is an injection containing the synthetic hormone progestin which is called depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA). Depo-Provera is a hormonal method of contraception obtained by…

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Contraceptive Sponge

What is a contraceptive sponge? A soft saucer-shaped device made from polyurethane foam. It is considered a barrier method of contraception. How does it work? It…

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Birth Control Pills

What are oral contraceptives? Birth control pills or oral contraceptives use synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancy. There are two types: combined and progesterone only. Combined pills contain…

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Birth Control Patch

What is the Birth Control Patch? The birth control patch is a thin plastic patch (1 3/4 inch square) placed directly on the skin of the…

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Birth Control Failure

Birth control failure is more common than most realize, here is a chart displaying birth control failure rate percentages, as well as common risks and…

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Male Condom

What is a male condom? The male condom is a sheath that is rolled over the penis to prevent semen from entering the vagina. Condoms are…

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Female Condom

What is a female condom? The female condom is a pouch made of polyurethane or latex that fits inside the vagina. It is a barrier method…

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Diaphragm

What is a diaphragm? A soft rubber dome shaped barrier that covers the cervix in order to prevent sperm from entering into the uterus. It is a…

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Cervical Cap

The cervical cap is not a method of birth control that is widely used, and very few health care providers recommend this type of contraception. If you…

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Abstinence

What is abstinence? Abstinence simply means not having sex; it means refraining from sexual intercourse. For most people, abstinence is the absence of sexual contact altogether. How…

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Postpartum Massage

Postpartum massage can be as important and beneficial as massage during pregnancy. Postpartum bodywork is an effective and holistic approach for the many adjustments to…

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Omega 3 fatty acids: FAQs

When it comes to omega 3 fatty acids, many people have lots of questions. The good news is there are answers to your omega 3…

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Preventing the Baby Blues

Preventing the baby blues is something almost every expecting mother wants to do. Mothers-to-be often spend hours and days making preparations for their little ones,…

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Vitamin D and Pregnancy

Vitamin D is a steroid vitamin from a group of fat-soluble pro hormones. Vitamin D and pregnancy are important together. Expecting mothers need to make…

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Are My Twins Identical or Fraternal?

Twin Zygosity If you are pregnant with multiples, you know that you’ll soon face unique joys and challenges that may not accompany the single birth…

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Morning Sickness Relief: Eating with Morning Sickness

Morning sickness is the nauseated feeling you experience in your first trimester. It usually starts out in the morning and wears off as you become…

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Nutrition During Breastfeeding

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or services…

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Attention Mothers and Mothers-to-be: Consider Omega-3 Supplementation for the Health of Your Baby

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or…

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Are Pregnancy Stretch Marks Different?

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or…

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What Can Be Done to Prevent Stretch Marks?

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or…

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OV-Watch Fertility Predictor

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or…

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Cervical Mucus and Your Fertility

If you participate in any of the many TTC (trying to conceive) forums or message boards on the Internet, you have undoubtedly run across the…

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Determining Your Fertility Window

The following articles are provided by organizations partnering with the American Pregnancy Association to deliver related information to you. The mention of specific products or…

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Inseminación Artificial por Donante

Aproximadamente uno de cada ocho parejas infértiles requieren el uso de esperma de donantes para lograr un embarazo. Inseminación por donante es un procedimiento simple…

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Términos de la Infertilidad que Debes Saber

Resultados adversos: un embarazo que no dé lugar a un nacimiento en vivo, incluyendo aborto involuntario, terminaciones inducida, y mortinatos. ART (tecnología de reproducción asistida):…

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Pregnancy Week 40

Congratulations! You will probably be welcoming your baby this week. Here is a list of things to remember. Pregnancy Week 40 – What Changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 39

Pregnancy Week 39: What Changes are Occurring With Your Body? For pregnancy week 39, you most likely have not experienced a lot of changes over…

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Pregnancy Week 38

You only have 2 weeks left in your pregnancy, so try to sit back and enjoy these last few days. Pregnancy Week 38: What Changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 37

You are now less than one month from delivering your baby! Keep reading for more information about your 37th week. Pregnancy Week 37: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 36

You have reached 36 weeks and your baby could arrive at any time. We hope you enjoy these last several weeks of pregnancy. Pregnancy Week…

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Pregnancy Week 35

You are almost there, as you are now 35 weeks pregnant! Here are several different things that you can anticipate during this time. Pregnancy Week 35: What…

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Pregnancy Week 34

Congratulations! You are one week closer to meeting your new baby. Here are several things you can expect this week. Pregnancy Week 34: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 33

Only 7 more weeks until your baby arrives. Here is what you can expect this week. Pregnancy Week 33: What changes are occurring with your body?…

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Pregnancy Week 32

These last several weeks can become tiresome, but remember that every week brings you one step closer to the arrival of your new addition. Pregnancy Week 32:…

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Pregnancy Week 31

You are 31 weeks pregnant. The double digit weeks are gone and now you know it is coming. Here are several different things that you can…

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Pregnancy Week 30

Only 10 more weeks until your baby arrives. Until then you can expect some of the following things to occur. Pregnancy Week 30: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 29

The first two weeks of the third trimester are behind you. The next several weeks will hold different things, but in the mean time this is…

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Pregnancy Week 28

Congratulations! You are one week closer to meeting your bundle of joy. Here are some things to think about this week. Pregnancy Week 28: What changes…

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Pregnancy Week 27

Congratulations! You are now entering your third trimester. Here is what you might experience in the upcoming week. Pregnancy Week 27: What changes are occurring with…

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Fetal Development : Third Trimester

Weeks 27 thru 32 – Gestational Age (Fetal Age – Weeks 25 thru 30): The fetus really fills out over these next few weeks, storing…

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Pregnancy Week 26

This is the last week of the second trimester. Time may seem to drag, but just remember that the completion of another week gets you one…

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Pregnancy Week 25

You are probably becoming very excited! The nursery is getting done, plans are moving along and you can tell it is all about the baby….

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Pregnancy Week 24

The development of your baby is happening rapidly now, and you will meet your baby in only 16 short weeks! Pregnancy Week 24: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 23

Most people are beginning to notice your changing shape. Continue reading for additional information regarding the many things that are changing in both you and…

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Pregnancy Week 22

You are only weeks away from your third trimester. Here is a list of pointers for this part of your pregnancy. What changes are occurring with…

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Pregnancy Week 21

Relax! This week will probably be one of the most enjoyable weeks of your pregnancy. Here is what you can expect during this week. Pregnancy Week…

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Pregnancy Week 20

You have made it half-way through your pregnancy! Keep reading for more about the twentieth week. Pregnancy Week 20: What changes are occurring with your body?…

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Pregnancy Week 19

Congratulations! You are one week closer to meeting your baby. Here is what you can expect this week. Pregnancy Week 19: What changes are occurring with…

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Pregnancy Week 18

You are almost to the half-way point! Here is what you can expect in the upcoming week. Pregnancy Week 18: What changes are occurring with your…

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Pregnancy Week 17

Congratulations! You are one week closer to meeting your bundle of joy. Here is what you can expect this week. Pregnancy Week 17: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 16

Only four weeks until the half-way mark! Here is a list of pointers to help you through this week. Pregnancy Week 16: What changes are occurring…

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Pregnancy Week 15

You are one week closer to meeting your bundle of joy! Read more about what you can expect this week. Pregnancy Week 15: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 14

Congratulations! You have successfully completed the first week of your second trimester. Here is a list of pointers for this week. Pregnancy Week 14: What changes…

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Fetal Development: Second Trimester

Weeks 14 thru 16 – Gestational Age (Fetal age – Weeks 12 thru 14): The fetus’s skin is transparent and a fine hair called lanugo begins…

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Pregnancy Week 13

Congratulations! You are almost at the beginning of your second trimester. Here is what you can expect in the upcoming week. Pregnancy Week 13: What changes…

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Pregnancy Week 12

Relax! Most women will be experiencing a decrease in morning sickness this week. Here is what else you can expect. Pregnancy Week 12: What changes are…

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Pregnancy Week 11

You are one week closer to completing your first trimester! Here is a list of things to think about this week. Pregnancy Week 11: What changes…

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Pregnancy Week 10

You are almost through your first trimester! Here is what you should expect this week. Pregnancy Week 10: What changes are occurring with your body?…

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Pregnancy Week 9

  Congratulations! You are one week closer to holding your bundle of joy. Here is a list of things to think about this week. Pregnancy Week…

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Pregnancy Week 8

You have now completed almost two months! Here is what you can expect this week. If you have just found out that you are pregnant, you…

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Pregnancy Week 7

Congratulations! Weeks four through seven are when most women discover they are pregnant. This week-by-week newsletter will keep you informed about what to expect for you and…

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Pregnancy Week 6

Congratulations! Weeks four through seven are when most women discover they are pregnant. This week-by-week newsletter will keep you informed about what to expect for you and…

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Pregnancy Week 5

Congratulations! Weeks four through seven are when most women discover they are pregnant. This week-by-week newsletter will keep you informed about what to expect for…

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Pregnancy Week 4

Congratulations! Weeks four through seven are when most women discover they are pregnant. This week-by-week newsletter will keep you informed about what to expect for you and…

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Pregnancy Week 3

Congratulations! The third week of pregnancy is usually when ovulation and implantation occur. Here’s what you should know about your body this week. Pregnancy Week 3: How…

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Pregnancy Week 1 & 2

Congratulations! During these first two weeks, your body is preparing for possible conception. Pregnancy Week 1 & 2: How is pregnancy calculated? Calculating the day your…

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Fetal Development: First Trimester

Week 1 & 2 – Gestational Age: Your menstrual period has just ended, and your body is getting ready for ovulation. For most women, ovulation takes…

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Keepsake Ultrasounds or Sonograms

  In most major cities across the country, commercial keepsake ultrasound services are opening, offering to give families a sneak preview of their growing baby….

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Chiropractic Care During Pregnancy

Chiropractic care is health maintenance of the spinal column, discs, related nerves and bone geometry without drugs or surgery. It involves the art and science…

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X-Rays During Pregnancy

You may have heard that getting an x-ray during pregnancy can harm your baby. This can be true, but in some cases not getting an x-ray can…

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Pregnancy and Dental Work

Pregnancy and dental work questions are common for expecting moms. Preventive dental cleanings and annual exams during pregnancy are not only safe, but are recommended….

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CAT Scans and Pregnancy

A CAT scan is a common name for the imaging procedure called a computed axial tomography scan. A CAT scan procedure uses a computer to…

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Hair Treatment During Pregnancy

Questions related to hair treatments during pregnancy are common. Most treatments involve chemicals and dyes which leave women wondering if they are safe. Different types…

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Tattoos When Pregnant

Maybe you’ve thought of remembering this special time in your life with a tattoo, or maybe you have concerns about existing tattoos when pregnant. More than anything…

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Laser Hair Removal and Pregnancy

  Your belly is getting bigger and you can barely SEE your legs, let alone shave them! If you shave standing in the shower you…

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Piercing and Pregnancy

  The following piercing and pregnancy information will help you care for the piercings you already have and can help you make an informed decision …

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Perfume and Pregnancy

  Perfume and Pregnancy: Starting Fragrance-Free Pregnancy has given you a natural glow. Now it’s time to find a scent that will reflect the beautiful,…

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Paint and Pregnancy

  There are basically three categories of paint which pregnant women could be exposed to: latex, oil, and enamel. The degree of toxicity during pregnancy…

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Pregnancy and Tanning

Pregnancy and tanning questions are sure to follow as the weather warms. As soon as summer is here, shorts, sundresses, and sleeveless tops make their…

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Sex and Pregnancy

  It is common for couples to wonder whether sex and pregnancy are safe together. Unless your health care provider advises you otherwise, sex during pregnancy…

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Pregnancy and Roller Coasters

For many people, the reason to go to an amusement park is to ride a roller coaster. Unfortunately, for women who are pregnant, this is…

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Pregnant in a Hot Tub

For many pregnant women, sitting in a hot tub sounds like a great way to ease muscle aches related to pregnancy. It is important to…

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Pregnancy and Travel

There are few pregnancy and travel related concerns; however, the information below is provided to help make your trip the safest and most comfortable it can be….

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Pregnancy and Saunas

For many pregnant women, sitting in a sauna sounds like a great way to ease muscle aches related to pregnancy. It is important to use caution when…

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Recreation and Pregnancy

  When you discover that you are pregnant, you start asking questions about which activities are safe. Vacation, hobbies, exercise and everyday activities have always…

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Pregnancy and Amusement Parks

For many people, summer is the time to go to an amusement park and enjoy the sun while riding roller coasters and other exciting thrill rides. Unfortunately,…

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Pesticides and Pregnancy

Pesticides and pregnancy lead to several questions and for good reason. Significant exposure to pesticides is a concern for adults, children and particularly expectant mothers….

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Cleaning and Pregnancy

Unfortunately ladies, most products are safe to use for cleaning during pregnancy. Yes, even bleach. So you don’t have to call a maid to do the household cleaning…

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Acne During Pregnancy

During pregnancy elevated hormone levels can bring a variety of skin changes, which makes acne and pregnancy a common complaint. Acne can be treated by…

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Pregnancy and Pica

Pica is the practice of craving substances with little or no nutritional value. Most pregnancy and pica related cravings involve non-food substances such as dirt or chalk….

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Mercury Levels in Sushi

Most women who are pregnant or wishing to become pregnant have heard the warnings about eating sushi. There are risks to pregnant women due to certain…

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Mercury Levels in Fish

Despite the previous concern regarding mercury levels in fish, the FDA now recommends that women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or plan on becoming pregnant consume…

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Caffeine and Pregnancy

Caffeine is one of the most popular stimulants in America, which makes caffeine and pregnancy related concerns common too.  If you are pregnant, you might…

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Artificial Sweeteners and Pregnancy

There is a lot of concern about diet and nutrition during pregnancy.  One of these concerns is regarding artificial sweeteners and pregnancy. Should these sweeteners…

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Mood Swings During Pregnancy

  If you are pregnant or are supporting someone through pregnancy, you probably have had some experience with mood swings. You are not alone; mood swings during…

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Depression in Pregnancy

  Pregnancy is supposed to be one of the happiest times of a woman’s life, but for many women this is a time of confusion, fear,…

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Massage and Pregnancy – Prenatal Massage

Therapeutic massage has been used for centuries to improve overall health, reduce stress, and relieve muscle tension. Massage and pregnancy has often received ambivalent responses from the…

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Pregnancy and Physical Therapy

Physical therapy during pregnancy can prove to be useful for remedying common discomforts like back pain or for enhancing your body’s ability to have an…

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Exercise Warning Signs

Exercise during pregnancy is considered a normal and healthy part of care. More than likely your health care provider will have you continue with routines…

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Exercise and Pregnancy

Before you begin exercising, remember that it is important to talk to your health care provider. If you are already exercising, you will probably be able to…

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Pregnancy Exercise Guidelines

If you have been following a regular exercise program prior to your pregnancy, you should be able to maintain that program to some degree throughout…

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Effects of Exercise on Pregnancy

  Effects of Exercise on Pregnancy: Positive Exercise during pregnancy helps to alleviate many of the common problems of pregnancy. It improves circulation (which helps…

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Vaginal Discharge During Pregnancy

When you become pregnant your body undergoes a variety of changes.  One of the first changes you may experience is in your vaginal discharge.  It…

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Swollen Gums During Pregnancy (Also known as Pregnancy Gingivitis)

Swollen gums, which may be sore and more susceptible to bleeding, are common during pregnancy. This inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis. Pregnancy gingivitis is caused…

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Prenatal Vitamin Limits

Vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcium, and folic acid are vital for proper fetal growth, development, and healthy adult living. To help increase your chances of…

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Swelling During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, the body produces approximately 50% more blood and body fluids to meet the needs of the developing baby. Swelling is a normal part of pregnancy…

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Pregnancy Nutrition

Without a doubt, a nutritious, well-balanced eating plan can be one of the greatest gifts you give to your soon-to-be-born baby. Pregnancy nutrition is essential to…

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Sleeping Positions During Pregnancy

During pregnancy you may find yourself wrestling in bed trying to get comfortable before falling asleep. Unfortunately, your regular sleeping positions may no longer work for you…

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Skin Changes During Pregnancy

  Now that you are pregnant, you may begin to see many changes to your skin. You may see changes such as a sudden new glow…

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Pregnancy and Sciatic Nerve Pain

The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body, providing sensory and motor function to the lower extremities. This nerve provides sensation to the back of…

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Herbs and Pregnancy

Although medicine has replaced most natural supplements with a synthetic substitute, there are many who still look to natural herbs and vitamins to provide essential nutrition to…

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Round Ligament Pain

Round ligament pain is most common during the second trimester. Women may have a sharp pain in their abdomen or hip area that is either on one…

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Herbal Tea and Pregnancy

Many alternative medicine health care providers feel that using certain herbal teas during pregnancy is a great way to support optimal pregnancy health. Herbal teas…

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Migraines During Pregnancy

Migraine headaches are different from stress or tension headaches.  Migraine headaches are a type of vascular headache that is a result from blood vessels dilating in…

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Folic Acid

Folic acid is used to make the extra blood your body needs during pregnancy. All women of childbearing age should consume 400 micrograms of folic acid a…

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Pregnancy and Leg Cramps

  It is not uncommon to experience leg cramps during pregnancy, particularly in the third trimester. According to Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, almost half of all pregnant…

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Prenatal Vitamins

Prenatal vitamins consist of a variety of vitamins and minerals that help you baby get the nutrients that are essential for healthy development.  During pregnancy,…

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Insomnia During Pregnancy: Snooze or Lose!

You may be losing sleep while you are pregnant for a variety of reasons.  Whatever the reason may be, it is important to understand that…

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Omega-3 Fish Oil and Pregnancy

Scientific research is constantly expanding our knowledge of nutritional needs in pregnancy. Among the most recent developments in this field, is the importance of omega-3…

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Pregnancy and Hemorrhoids

Unfortunately, hemorrhoids during pregnancy are common. Hemorrhoids are varicose (swollen) veins of the rectum and are usually painful.  They most often appear during the third trimester….

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Pregnancy and Heartburn

Heartburn is a common complaint during pregnancy. Although it has nothing to do with the heart, heartburn involves a burning sensation in the center of the chest….

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Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy

Eating well balanced meals is important at all times, but it is even more essential when you are pregnant. There are essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that…

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Pregnancy and Headaches

Experiencing headaches during pregnancy is one of the most common discomforts and complaints. Headaches may occur at any time during your pregnancy, but they tend to be…

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Nutrients & Vitamins For Pregnancy

According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), pregnant women should have a diet that consists of a variety foods including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals…

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Pregnancy and Hair Loss

Approximately 90% of your hair is growing at any one time, while the other 10% enter a resting phase. Every two to three months the resting hair…

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Pregnancy Weight Gain

  In May 2009, The Institute of Medicine (IOM) made changes to the guidelines concerning pregnancy weight gain. The last recommendations had been released in 1990 and…

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Eating for Two When Over/ or Under Weight

  Weight gain during pregnancy helps your baby grow. Gaining weight at a steady rate within recommended boundaries can also lower your chances of having hemorrhoids, varicose…

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Pregnancy and Dizziness

Dizziness or feeling faint is a normal symptom during pregnancy. It is more common in the first trimester, but it may also be prevalent throughout your pregnancy….

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Using Illegal Drugs During Pregnancy

When you are pregnant, it is important that you watch what you put into your body. Consumption of illegal drugs is not safe for the unborn baby…

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Pregnancy and Constipation

Constipation occurs when there is abdominal pain or discomfort, difficult and infrequent bowel movements, and the passage of hard stools. Unfortunately, constipation affects approximately half of all…

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Breast Changes During Pregnancy

  From the beginning of your pregnancy, there are breasts changes you should expect. These breast changes are normal because they are evolving and preparing…

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Pregnancy and Eating Disorders

Eating disorders affect approximately seven million American women each year and tend to peak during childbearing years. Pregnancy is a time when body image concerns are more…

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Body Image: Loving Your Body Before, During, and After Your Pregnancy

According to Ann Douglas, author of The Unofficial Guide to Having a Baby, “A woman who feels good about herself will celebrate the changes that her body…

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Pregnancy and Alcohol

When you consume alcohol during pregnancy, so does your baby because alcohol passes freely through the placenta to your baby. If you choose to drink alcohol while…

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Back Pain During Pregnancy

Back pain or discomfort is common during pregnancy and should be expected to some degree by most women. Back pain may be experienced during any point of your…

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Smoking During Pregnancy

  Pregnancy is a great time for you to quit smoking. You will feel better and have more energy to go through your pregnancy. You will also…

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Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy

Caffeine is one of the most loved stimulants in America! But now that you are pregnant, you may need to lighten up on the daily…

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Abusing Prescription Drugs During Pregnancy

Any woman who becomes pregnant needs to evaluate her lifestyle and, if necessary, make changes to protect the health of her baby. If you have…

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Yeast Infections During Pregnancy

Yeast infections during pregnancy are more common  than any other time in a woman’s life, especially during the second trimester of pregnancy. You may be noticing an…

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Urinary Tract Infection During Pregnancy

A urinary tract infection (UTI), also called bladder infection, is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract. Pregnant women are at increased risk for UTI’s starting in…

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Toxoplasmosis

The solid wastes (feces) of cats may contain a parasite called toxoplasma gondii that can cause toxoplasmosis, a rare but serious blood infection. Toxoplasmosis can…

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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STD’s & STI’s) During Pregnancy

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STD’s & STI’s) During Pregnancy Bacterial STI’S – Infections that are curable Infection Risks (M=Mom; B=Baby) Method of Transfer Treatment Gonorrhea M…

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Rh Factor

Each person’s blood is one of four major types: A, B, AB, or O. Blood types are determined by the types of antigens on the…

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Preeclampsia : Toxemia

Preeclampsia is a condition that occurs only during pregnancy. Diagnoses is made by the combination of high blood pressure and protein in the urine, occurring…

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Placental Abruption : Abruptio Placentae

Placental abruption is the separation of the placenta from the uterine lining. This condition usually occurs in the third trimester but can occur any time…

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Placenta Previa

Placenta Previa is a condition where the placenta lies low in the uterus and partially or completely covers the cervix. The placenta may separate from…

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Placenta Accreta

The placenta normally attaches to the uterine wall, however there is a condition that occurs where the placenta attaches itself too deeply into the wall…

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Molar Pregnancy

A molar pregnancy is an abnormality of the placenta, caused by a problem when the egg and sperm join together at fertilization. Molar pregnancies are…

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Miscarriage

Miscarriage, is a term used fora pregnancy that ends on its own, within the first 20 weeks of gestation. The medical terms used to identify this…

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Low Amniotic Fluid Levels: Oligohydramnios

The amniotic fluid is part of the baby’s life support system. It protects your baby and aids in the development of muscles, limbs, lungs and digestive system. Amniotic…

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Crowning

  During pushing and delivery, your baby’s head will begin to show through your vaginal opening with each contraction. When your baby’s head remains visible without slipping…

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Listeria and Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it is important to be aware of what you put inside your body. You should be aware of what is good to eat and…

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Back Labor

  Labor and giving birth are among the most physically demanding things that a woman will ever experience. Many woman try to prepare for the experience by…

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Inducing Labor

Inducing labor is the artificial start of the birth process through medical interventions or other methods. Induction not done for medical reasons or as an…

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Effacement

  The closer you get to the end of your pregnancy, the more you will hear about “being effaced,” “effacing,” or “effacement.” What is effacement? Effacement…

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Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR); Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

The most common definition of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a fetal weight that is below the 10th percentile for gestational age as determined through an ultrasound. This…

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Stages of Childbirth: Stage II

Experiencing the birth of your child is a special and unique experience.  No two deliveries are alike and there is no way to predict with…

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Stages of Childbirth: Stage III

Experiencing the birth of your child is a special and unique experience.  No two deliveries are alike and there is no way to accurately predict…

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Stages of Childbirth: Stage I

Experiencing the birth of your child is a special and unique experience. No two deliveries are identical and there is no way to predict how your delivery…

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Incompetent Cervix : Weakened Cervix

During pregnancy, as the baby grows and gets heavier, it presses on the cervix. This pressure may cause the cervix to start to open before the…

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Care for the Premature Baby

Babies born before the 37th week of gestation are considered premature and are sometimes referred to as “preemies”. Mothers whose babies are born prematurely are…

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Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition characterized by severe nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and electrolyte disturbance. Mild cases are treated with dietary changes, rest and antacids. More severe…

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Emotionally Dealing With The Premature Birth of your Baby

A premature birth, like any birth, involves many emotions. Your emotions might fluctuate from shock to grief, sadness to hope, panic to guilt, and from…

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HIV/AIDS During Pregnancy

According to the March of Dimes, there are an estimated 120,000 to 160,000 women in the United States who have been infected with HIV. About…

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Premature Birth Complications

Babies born before the 37th week of gestation are considered premature.  Premature newborns are sometimes referred to as “preemies”.  Mothers who have their baby prematurely…

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HELLP Syndrome

HELLP Syndrome is a series of symptoms that make up a syndrome that can affect pregnant women. HELLP syndrome is thought to be a variant…

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Group B Strep Infection: GBS

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacterial infection that can be found in a pregnant woman’s vagina or rectum. This bacteria is normally found…

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Alternative Relaxation Techniques

As pregnancy progresses and labor seems to be around the corner, it is natural to experience a certain amount of fear and anxiety in anticipation…

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Gestational Hypertension: Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)

Gestational hypertension, also referred to sometimes as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a condition of high blood pressure during pregnancy.  Gestational hypertension can lead to a…

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Patterned Breathing During Labor

  Patterned breathing refers to the act of breathing at any number of possible rates and depths. Some women prefer breathing deeply, using their diaphragm…

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Gestational Diabetes

All expectant mothers will be tested for gestational diabetes at some point during their pregnancy. Expecting mothers who are over the age of 35, over weight, or…

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Using Narcotics for Pain Relief During Childbirth

Many women end up relying on some type of method to reduce the physical pain of childbirth. As you prepare for labor, it is important…

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Fetal Growth Restriction; Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR); Small for Gestational Age

The most common definition of fetal growth restriction is a fetal weight that is below the 10th percentile for gestational age as determined through an ultrasound. This can…

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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD);Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in a number of different physical, neurological and mental effects that range in severity. These effects fall under the term “Fetal…

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General Anesthesia

Being informed about general anesthesia will help prevent mothers from being caught by surprise in the unlikely event that it might be necessary. General anesthesia…

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Ectopic Pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg attaches itself in a place other than inside the uterus. Almost all ectopic pregnancies occur in a fallopian tube,…

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D&C Procedure After a Miscarriage

Unfortunately, miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Studies reveal that anywhere from 10-25% of all…

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that can be transmitted to a developing child before birth. CMV infection is usually harmless and rarely causes illness. For most healthy…

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Concerns Regarding Early Fetal Development

The development of a baby is quite an intricate journey. From the moment that the egg and sperm meet, a baby is beginning the developmental process. This…

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Most Common Pregnancy Complications

There are several things that may cause a complication in your pregnancy. However, some are more common than others. Below is a list of the most common…

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Cholestasis of Pregnancy

  Some women experience a very severe itching in late pregnancy. The most common cause of this is cholestasis, a common liver disease that only happens in…

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Chicken Pox and Pregnancy

When you become pregnant you want to do everything you can to stay healthy. Unfortunately, it is sometimes impossible to protect yourself from every illness out there….

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Cervical Cerclage

When a woman’s cervix is weak (sometimes called an incompetent cervix) she is more likely to have a baby born prematurely because the cervix shortens or…

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Blighted Ovum

  What is a blighted ovum? A blighted ovum (also known as “anembryonic pregnancy”) happens when a fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall, but…

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Bleeding During Pregnancy

Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy can occur frequently in the first trimester of pregnancy and may not be a sign of problems. But bleeding that occurs in the…

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Bed Rest

Bed rest is a common practice during pregnancy to alleviate certain pregnancy complications. Some women know it is coming because of medical history, whereas others are surprised…

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Bacterial Vaginosis During Pregnancy

Approximately 10% – 30% of pregnant women will experience Bacterial vaginosis (BV) during their pregnancy. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an imbalance in the normal bacteria that…

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Quetiapine During Pregnancy

Schizophrenia is a mental health condition that most commonly develops between 20 to 29 years of age. It is more common with women, but can…

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Montelukast During Pregnancy

Asthma is a challenging breathing condition experienced by many Americans. Unfortunately, it is usually a chronic condition that creates ongoing challenges and management questions for…

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Spinal Block

  A spinal block is sometimes called a “spinal.” In this procedure, a narcotic or anesthetic such as fetanyl, bupivacaine or lidocaine is injected below…

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Escitalopram During Pregnancy

Depression is one of the most common mental health conditions experienced by individuals across the United States. Unfortunately, the onset of pregnancy can trigger depression….

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Pudendal Block

The pudendal block gets its name because a local anesthetic such as, lidocaine or chloroprocaine, is injected into the pudendal canal where the pudendal nerve…

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Duloxetine During Pregnancy

Pregnancy and the increase in hormones often trigger depression or worsen it for someone already experiencing it. It is the most frequently diagnosed mental condition…

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Giving Birth Naturally: Techniques to Use

There are a number of different techniques that can be used when trying to labor without the use of any medical interventions. The following techniques…

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Atorvastatin During Pregnancy

High cholesterol is usually not a problem for women who are in their childbearing years. Concerns with high cholesterol usually come in later years; however…

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Aripiprazole During Pregnancy

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that most commonly arrives inside the 20s. The good news is there are medications that can help individuals experiencing…

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Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia is injected into a specific area to provide pain relief. Local anesthesia is given through various medications and dosages in the form of…

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Epidural Anesthesia

Epidural anesthesia is the most popular method of pain relief during labor. More women request an epidural by name than any other method of pain relief. More…

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Circumcision

When you learned that you were having a boy you probably started thinking about circumcision. The decision to have your son circumcised can be difficult…

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Your Child’s First Test: The APGAR

  Put away the flash cards and don’t expect too much too early; rarely does any baby get a perfect score on this test. Although…

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Signs of Labor

Probably every woman who shares her labor experience tells a different story. Your delivery will be just as unique. However, the following information will prepare…

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False Labor

As the time of delivery approaches, you might notice that Braxton Hicks contractions become more frequent and intense. It is very common for women to…

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Mucus Plug: Bloody Show

Throughout pregnancy, a mucus plug blocks the opening of the cervix to prevent bacteria from entering the uterus. Before labor, this mucus plug is expelled…

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Braxton Hicks Contractions

You might have heard this funny phrase before you were pregnant, but now you want to know what it means. The term originated in 1872…

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Premature Labor

Pregnancy is normally a time of happiness and anticipation, but it can also be a time of uncertainty. Many women have concerns about what is happening with…

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Glucose Tolerance Test

Pregnant women can develop a condition known as Gestational Diabetes (diabetes brought on by pregnancy) that can cause risk to both mother and baby. A…

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Fetal Non-Stress Test (NST)

The Fetal Non-Stress test is a simple, non-invasive test performed in pregnancies over 28 weeks gestation. The test is named “non-stress” because no stress is…

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Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD)

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) occurs when a baby’s head or body is too large to fit through the mother’s pelvis. It is believed that true CPD…

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Episiotomy

An episiotomy is a surgical incision used to enlarge the vaginal opening to help deliver a baby. What are some circumstances that would require an…

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Biophysical Profile

The biophysical profile combines an ultrasound evaluation with a non-stress test (NST) and is intended to determine fetal health during the third trimester. This test…

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Breech Births

Most babies will move into delivery position a few weeks prior to birth with the head moving closer to the birth canal. When this fails…

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Triple Screen Test

  Also Known as Triple Test, Multiple Marker Screening and AFP Plus The triple screen test is a maternal blood screening test that looks for three…

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Quad Screen

The quad screen test is a maternal blood screening test that looks for four specific substances: AFP, hCG, Estriol, and Inhibin-A. AFP: alpha-fetoprotein is a…

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Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening (MSAFP)

Also Known as Alpha-Fetoprotein Test (AFP) MSAFP is a screening test that examines the level of alpha-fetoprotein in the mother’s blood during pregnancy. This is not…

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Cordocentesis : Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling (PUBS)

Cordocentesis, also sometimes called Percutaneous Umbilical Cord Blood Sampling (PUBS), is a diagnostic test that examines blood from the fetus to detect fetal abnormalities. How is…

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Amniocentesis

  Amniocentesis is a diagnostic test that may be recommended by your health care provider following an abnormal triple test result. Inherited or genetic concerns lead some…

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First Trimester Screen

The First Trimester Screen is a new, optional noninvasive evaluation that combines a maternal blood screening test with an ultrasound evaluation of the fetus to identify risk…

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Chorionic Villus Sampling: CVS

Chorionic villus sampling, often referred to as CVS, is a diagnostic test for identifying chromosome abnormalities and other inherited disorders. This test may be recommended by your…

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Ultrasound: Sonogram

An ultrasound exam is a procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to scan a woman’s abdomen and pelvic cavity, creating a picture (sonogram) of the baby and…

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Urine Test: Urinalysis

A urine test is a routine test used by your healthcare provider as part of your prenatal care. Although urine tests are used in screening for…

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Blood Test

A blood test is a routine test used by your healthcare provider as part of your prenatal care. Although blood tests are used in screening for pregnancy,…

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Spina Bifida

  Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that affects approximately 3,000 pregnancies each year. Although the occurrences appear to be decreasing, Spina bifida occurs…

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Progeria: Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS)

  Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome is commonly referred to as Progeria or HGPS. Progeria is a genetic condition that occurs in 1 of every 4 to…

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Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21

Down syndrome is the most common birth defect in the United States. It was first described in 1866 and is named after John Langdon Down,…

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Congenital Heart Defects

Heart defects are among the most common form of birth defects. More than 32,000 infants are born each year with some form of heart defect…

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Cleft lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft means ‘split’ or ‘separation’. During early pregnancy separate areas of the face develop individually and then join together. The lip usually closes by 5…

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of conditions that affect control of movement and posture. Because of damage to areas of the brain that control…

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Cesarean Birth After Care

The days following the birth of your baby, the postpartum period, can be one of the most challenging times for mothers and families. This period…

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Autism

  Autism is a developmental disability that usually appears during the first three years of life. It is a neurological disorder that impacts the normal…

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Trying to Avoid a Cesarean

There has been a gradual increase in cesarean births over the past 30 years. In November of 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported…

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Tips For Preventing Birth Defects

Approximately 150,000 children are born every year in the United States affected by one or more birth defects. Although the cause of over 60% of…

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Risks of a Cesarean Procedure

A cesarean birth occurs through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus rather than through the vagina. There has been a gradual increase in…

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Creating a Positive Cesarean Experience

  With a national cesarean rate of 29.1%, pregnant women have at least a 1 in 4 chance to give birth through surgery. Although most…

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Cesarean Procedure

Cesarean birth happens through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus rather than through the vagina. There has been a gradual increase in cesarean…

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VBAC: Vaginal Birth after Cesarean

  If you have experienced a cesarean delivery, you are not alone. In November 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported the national…

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Reasons For a Cesarean Birth

A cesarean delivery is a birth through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus rather than through the vagina. There has been a gradual…

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Birth Center

Today, women have more options than ever to find and select a suitable birth process. Options include increasing numbers of hospitals, obstetricians, and midwives that…

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Water Birth

Water birth is the process of giving birth in a tub of warm water. Some women choose to labor in the water and get out…

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Guidelines to Choosing an Adoption Agency

  The task of choosing an adoption agency or attorney involves a number of options and possibilities. The following suggestions are designed to help both…

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Home Birth

For centuries giving birth at home was the norm. By the 1900’s increasing numbers of women started having their babies at hospitals. As our understanding…

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Assisted Delivery

  Near the end of the pushing stage, it might become apparent that mother and baby need a little extra help in the delivery. After…

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Benefits of Adoptions

  Adoption benefits everyone in the adoption triad. Many of the benefits are helpful to the birthmother and birthfather. Other benefits come to the child…

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Types of Parenting

  Many people believe that when there is an unplanned pregnancy, there are three options: abortion, adoption, and parenting. However, when it comes to parenting…

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Kegel Exercises

Kegel exercises, also called pelvic floor exercises, help strengthen the muscles that support the uterus, bladder, and bowels.  Kegel exercises also help strengthen vaginal muscles….

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Single Parenting

  Parenthood together with a career or schooling is a great challenge. The following are ways that allow you as a single parent to take advantage…

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Parenting Preparation Checklist

First-time parents often struggle with the challenge of getting prepared for the task. Talking with other parents can help. They can recommend support services including child care,…

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Creating Your Birth Plan

  The birth of your baby should be one of the most memorable, life-changing and joyful experiences of your life. You will want to spend…

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Doing It Alone

Being a single parent brings numerous questions and often lots of uncertainty.  Can you do it alone?  You can, but it will be a challenge. …

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Possible Physical Side Affects After Abortion

The physical side effects after an abortion will vary from woman to woman.  There are potential side effects and risks that you should be aware…

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Abortion Emotional Side Effects

The emotional side effects of an abortion will vary from one woman to another. Some women report a sense of relief after having an abortion….

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Surgical Abortion Procedures

  The type of surgical abortion procedure used is based on the woman’s stage of pregnancy. Before seeking a surgical abortion procedure, you should obtain…

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Labor & Birth Terms to Know

Abruptio Placenta (Placental Abruption): The placenta has started to separate from the uterine wall before the baby is born.  Amniotic Fluid: This protective liquid, consisting…

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Medical Abortion Procedures

Medical abortion procedures are available for terminating a pregnancy during the early weeks of the first trimester. For women seeking a medical abortion procedure, a sonogram is…

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Having a Doula: Is a Doula for Me?

  The word doula is a Greek word meaning women’s servant.  Women have been serving other women in childbirth for many centuries and have proven…

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Abortion Follow Up Care

Most clinics will schedule a follow-up appointment with you or encourage you to see your primary doctor after your abortion. It is important to keep your follow-up…

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Abortion Laws by State

Abortion Laws by State State Parental Parental Restrictions on Counseling & State-Funded Notification Consent Late-term Abortions Mandatory Wait Abortions Alabama Operational Operational 24 hours Alaska…

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Cord Blood Banking

  Cord blood is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta following birth. It is blood that is usually discarded. Cord blood…

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Abortion Procedures

The type of abortion procedure used in elective pregnancy termination is primarily determined by how far a woman is into pregnancy. During the first trimester,…

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Midwives

  The term midwife reflects a philosophy of care–one that is directed toward women and their individual reproductive needs. A midwife usually offers a variety…

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Birthing Choices: Health Care Providers & Birth Locations

The nine months of pregnancy are filled with choices and decisions. These include decisions about exercise, clothing, prenatal care providers and birth location. Pregnancy and…

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Making a Decision

As you reflect upon the past, you will probably remember several important, pivotal events in your life. The events might have been the result of your own…

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My Three Pregnancy Choices

When a women discovers that she is pregnant, her life will never be the same again no matter what choice she makes about her pregnancy….

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Stillbirth: Surviving Emotionally

Stillbirth is one of the most devastating of losses, affecting over 25,000 families each year. Stillbirth touches families of all races, religion and socio-economic status….

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Stillbirth: Trying to Understand

  According the National Stillbirth Society, stillbirth is defined as the intrauterine death and subsequent delivery of a developing infant that occurs beyond 20 completed…

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After a Miscarriage: Surviving Emotionally

Now that you have experienced a pregnancy loss you are probably feeling more sadness then you ever thought possible. Having a miscarriage can be very difficult. The…

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Weight Gain With Multiples

You have just discovered that you are carrying a multiple pregnancy. Whether you are ecstatic or shocked and overwhelmed, your head is probably spinning with…

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After a Miscarriage: Supporting Friends & Family Through Loss

A loss of a child is considered one of the deepest pains, regardless of a child’s age. The pain of what would have been is…

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Vanishing Twin Syndrome

Vanishing twin syndrome was first recognized in 1945. Vanishing twin syndrome is when one of a set of twin/multiple fetuses disappears in the uterus during…

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After a Miscarriage: Physical Recovery

Surviving a pregnancy loss can be very difficult. After a miscarriage you may experience a roller coaster of emotions, as well as physical symptoms, as…

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Signs & Symptoms of Multiple Pregnancy

Many women suspect that they might be carrying more than one baby, but  how can you know for sure. Symptoms of Multiple Pregnancy The following…

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Multiple Pregnancies: Twins, Triplets and More

Having a pregnancy with one baby causes enough changes in your life — not to mention your body. It’s hard to imagine adding one, or…

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Safe Exercise during a Multiples Pregnancy

You have been told that you are expecting multiples and that you will need to gain more weight, eat more calories, and possibly expect greater…

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Twin to Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS)

Twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a serious disorder that occurs in identical twins and higher order multiples who share a placenta. This occurs…

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Prenatal Care in a Multiples Pregnancy

  Women expecting multiples have many different and unique experiences than those women who are carrying a single pregnancy. Since multiples are at a greater…

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How a multiples pregnancy occurs

The numbers of pregnancies that are multiples have increased over the last twenty years. This increase is primarily due to the fact that one third…

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Complications in a Multiples Pregnancy

Of all multiples, twins normally face the fewest medical problems and complications. Each additional baby a woman carries at one time increases the possibility of…

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Kick Counts

Most mothers-to-be eagerly await that first reassuring flutter, just to know their baby is growing and developing. Sometime between 18-25 weeks into pregnancy, moms will begin to…

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First Fetal Movement : Quickening

Some moms can feel their babies move as early as 13-16 weeks from the start of their last period. These first fetal movements are called quickening and are…

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Fetal Development

Calculating the day your baby begins to develop and keeping track of your pregnancy dates can be a challenge. The development of pregnancy is counted…

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Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG);The Pregnancy Hormone

The hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (better known as hCG) is produced during pregnancy. It is made by cells that form the placenta, which nourishes the…

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The Fetal Life-Support System: Placenta, Umbilical Cord, & Amniotic Sac

  Your baby will develop inside your uterus with the help of a fetal life-support system composed of the placenta, the umbilical cord, and the…

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Postpartum Doula

Most new parents will tell you that navigating through those first few days after bringing home a new baby is anything but easy! Even for…

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Life Insurance

Most people do not think about life insurance until they become pregnant or have a newborn. Suddenly, you are wondering if your family would have…

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Importance of a Will

Approximately 55 percent of American adults do not have a valid Legal Will. Unfortunately, if you die without a Will, your children’s financial future may…

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Packing for the Hospital or Birth Center

Packing for the hospital can be a daunting task. It is best to get some things ready before your due date just in case you…

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Lactation Consultants

Most women make the decision during pregnancy whether they are planning to breastfeed or not. “I’ll try it and see what happens” is a common…

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Home Business for Mom

If you are planning on becoming a stay-at-home mother or you already are a stay-at-home mother and are looking for a home business to generate…

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Child Life Insurance

Many insurance companies offer child life insurance to help parents with burial expenses in the event of their child’s death. It is wise to consider…

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Choosing a Pediatrician

Choosing a pediatrician might not appear to be important early in pregnancy, but selecting a pediatrician is very important. Many women begin their search for…

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Medical Terms to Know

Amniotic Fluid: This is a liquid of mostly water that surrounds the baby and protects it while it is in the uterus. When a woman’s…

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WIC

The Women, Infants and Children’s program, frequently referred to as WIC, is a supplemental food and nutrition program for pregnant women, new moms and children…

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Maternity Leave

Maternity leave refers to the period of time that a new mother takes off from work following the birth of her baby. Many companies have similar…

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Health Insurance for Pregnant Women

  Over 41 million Americans have no health insurance and many of those who are insured are underinsured. Consequently, there are approximately 13% of women…

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After a Miscarriage: Getting Pregnant Again

  After a miscarriage, making the decision to try for another pregnancy can be difficult. It is natural to want to become pregnant again right…

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Do I have a form of Postpartum Depression?

Over the last several years, postpartum mood disorders have gained more attention from the media and the public. You might even be wondering if you…

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Baby Blues

Mood swings after the birth of a baby are not uncommon. While the “baby blues” are the least severe form of postpartum depression, it is…

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Umbilical Cord Care

The umbilical cord transported nutrients from you to your baby throughout your pregnancy. Now he or she has a purplish-blue stump that is about a…

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Monitoring your Newborns Weight Gain

It seems some of the most common questions that parents hear from the moment a new baby arrives is “what does the baby weigh?” and…

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Newborn Testing

Now that you have had your baby and the delivery was a success there is still one more thing to do before your baby heads…

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Newborn Jaundice

After the birth of a baby, it is common for care providers to watch a newborn closely. One of the things that your care provider…

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Medicaid for Pregnant Women

Medicaid is a government sponsored health insurance program for low income families who have no medical insurance or inadequate insurance. All states offer Medicaid or…

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Colic

The term “colic” has been around for years, often used to describe any baby that cries for an extended period of time. Many parents wonder…

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Breastfeeding and Jaundice

After the birth of a baby, it is common for care providers to watch a newborn closely. One of the things that your care provider…

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Healthy Start

Healthy Start is a government supported program. It is part of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau and resides in the division of Perinatal services…

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Your First Prenatal Visit

If you did not meet with your health care provider before your were pregnant, your first prenatal visit will generally be around 8 weeks after…

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Soothing your crying Baby

There is no sound like that of a crying infant. Something about it can often cause many moms to literally ache to fix whatever is…

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First Year Development: Infant Development

Perhaps your six month old has not rolled over yet, but the child development chart shows that some babies start rolling over at five months….

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Changing a Diaper

Changing your baby’s diapers may seem like a frightening task, especially if you have never been around babies before. Don’t worry, it is not that…

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Choosing an Obstetrician : American Pregnancy Association

An obstetrician, also commonly called an OB/GYN, usually offers a variety of women’s health services, such as annual Pap tests. Obstetricians are also trained to…

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What’s in Breast Milk?

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and that breastfeeding continue for at least 12…

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It’s all about the Latch

The most important part of successful breastfeeding is the latch. If your baby is not properly latched on to your breast, feedings could be painful. …

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Breastfeeding vs Bottle feeding

There are advantages and disadvantages to both breastfeeding and bottle-feeding. Ultimately the decision should be made by the parents. The following table outlines several of…

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Breastfeeding: Overview

  Breast milk is produced naturally by women and provides the basic nutrition for a baby during the first several months of life. Breast milk…

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PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is one of the most serious consequences of some bacterial infections including gonorrhea or chlamydia. PID affects nearly 1,000,000 women each…

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Paternity Testing

DNA testing to establish paternity can be done before or after your baby is born. If you have had more than one partner, it is natural for you to want to know who the father of your baby is. Find out how.

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Human Papillomavirus: HPV

HPV, the Genital Human Papillomavirus, is a viral infection that affects nearly 6,200,000 new individuals each year. There are over 100 different types of HPV…

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HIV/AIDS

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), a condition that breaks down a person’s immune system leading to a…

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Choosing an Adoption Agency

Choosing an adoption agency and/or an attorney is a task involving a number of considerations. It is important to select the adoption professional that is…

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Adoption: Questions to Ask Yourself

If you are struggling with the question of whether or not to place your child for adoption, you should ask yourself the following questions: Questions…

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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that affects nearly 30,000 new individuals each year. There are approximately 2,700,000 Americans who are chronically infected with hepatitis C. What…

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Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects nearly 73,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 1,250,000 people in the United States are carriers of this disease. What…

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Guidelines for Choosing a Family

You probably already have a mental picture of an ideal home and family for your child. The process of adoption creates an opportunity to make…

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Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that affects over 700,000 new individuals each year. The current number of cases is unknown. What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?…

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Genital Herpes

Genital herpes, also known as herpes simplex virus (HSV), is a viral infection that affects nearly 1,600,000 new individuals each year. Approximately 45 million Americans…

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Potential Risks for Non-Placement

  For a potential adoptive couple, it is natural to wonder if a birthmother will change her mind about putting her child up for adoption….

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Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. There are 2,800,000 new cases each year with some individuals accounting for multiple cases. Approximately 1.9 million Americans are currently infected with…

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Yeast Infections

A yeast infection occurs when the normal levels of acid and yeast in the vagina are out of balance and cause a very uncomfortable, but not serious,…

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The Adoption Process

Whether you have struggled with infertility, already have biological children and want to expand your family, or have the desire to make a difference in…

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Urinary Tract Infection: Bladder Infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract. If left untreated, a UTI can cause permanent damage to the bladder…

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Tipped Uterus: Tilted Uterus

The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped organ where a developing fetus will grow. The uterus is normally in a straight vertical position. Some women have a tipped…

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Adoption Home Study

  An adoption home study generates a profile of a potential adoptive family that includes anyone living in the home. The profile includes information on…

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Puberty

Puberty is the combination of physical and emotional changes that occur when a girl or boy becomes a young woman or man. Puberty takes place at the…

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Adoption Options

    What are the adoption options?  You might be asking this question as potential adoptive parents or as a birthmother.  There are several different…

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Premature Ovarian Failure: Premature Menopause

Approximately 1 in every 1000 women between the ages of 15-29 and 1 in every 100 women between the ages of 30-39 are affected by premature ovarian…

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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) & Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Approximately 85% of women who menstruate report changes in the days or weeks before their menstruation that cause problems that affect their normal lives. This is known…

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Closed Adoption : Disadvantages

Closed adoption refers to an adoption process where there is no interaction between birthmothers and prospective adoptive families. In closed adoptions, there is no identifying…

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Semi Open Adoption : Disadvantages

  A semi-open adoption occurs when the potential birth mother or birth families experience non-identifying interaction with the adoptive families. In most cases, interaction is…

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones, insulin production, circulatory system, and appearance. Women have both male…

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Open Adoption: Disadvantages

Open adoption occurs when potential birthmothers and prospective adoptive families have personal interaction with one another. In this type of adoption, the identities of all…

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Pap Smear

A Pap smear is a test used to look for changes in the cells of the cervix which indicate cervical cancer or conditions that may…

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Menstruation: A Journey Through Your Cycle

Menstruation is the discharge of blood and tissue from the lining of your uterus that occurs at the beginning of your menstrual cycle.  Each woman’s menstruation…

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Closed Adoption Advantages

Closed adoption refers to an adoption process where there is no interaction of any kind between birthmothers and prospective adoptive families. This means that there is no…

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Fibroid Tumors; Fibroid Uterus

Fibroid tumors are usually undetected non-cancerous masses that grow in the uterus. There are several types of fibroids found in the uterus, and it is common for…

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Semi-Open Adoption: Advantages

A semi-open adoption occurs when potential birthmothers or birth families experience non-identifying interaction with adoptive families. In most cases, interaction is facilitated by a third party, usually…

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Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial lining of the uterus attaches itself to other organs outside of the uterus. During menstruation, the endometrial lining is shed from the…

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Cervical Cancer

Diseases in the cervix can develop into cancer. This happens when cells grow out of control and can no longer perform their normal functions. Only malignant…

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Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a bacterial infection. The number of new cases and current number of infected individuals is unknown. What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?…

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Abnormal Pap Smear

Women are encouraged to start getting yearly Pap smears at the age of 21 or within 3 years of becoming sexually active. Pap smears are not…

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Open Adoption Advantages

Open adoption occurs when the birth parents and prospective adoptive families are allowed to interact with one another. In this type of adoption, the identities of all…

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Adoption Terms to Know

Several terms related to the adoption process can be confusing. The following list of terms can be helpful in clarifying the language of adoption. Adoption Terms and…

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Donor Eggs

Egg donation, also referred to as oocyte donation, makes pregnancy possible for women who might not otherwise be able to get pregnant using their own eggs. Who…

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Donor Insemination

Donor insemination is a simple procedure that uses a syringe to place semen into a woman’s vagina to assist her in getting pregnant. The semen is…

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Male Fertility Testing

  Male fertility testing is simple and routine. Male infertility is a factor in approximately 50% of all infertility cases, and male infertility alone accounts…

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Male Infertility

  Infertility affects approximately one out of every six couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple who are unable to conceive over the course of…

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Female Fertility Testing

When a couple has been unsuccessful at achieving pregnancy after one year, both partners need to go through a comprehensive physical and medical assessment.  Tests for female…

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Female Infertility

Infertility is a condition that affects approximately one out of every six couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple that has been unsuccessful in efforts…

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Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer: ZIFT

What is zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)? ZIFT is an assisted reproductive procedure similar to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, the difference being that the fertilized…

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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: PGD

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a procedure used prior to implantation to help identify genetic defects within embryos created through in vitro fertilization to prevent certain…

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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: ICSI

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) involves the direct injection of sperm into eggs obtained from in vitro fertilization (IVF). How is ICSI performed? There are basically five simple…

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Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer: GIFT

What is gamete intrafallopian tube transfer (GIFT)? GIFT is an assisted reproductive procedure which involves removing a woman’s eggs, mixing them with sperm, and immediately placing…

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Selecting Your Assisted Reproductive Technology Program

Selecting your artificial reproductive technology (ART) program is an important step in addressing your infertility struggles. There are several important questions to ask regarding credibility, cost, convenience,…

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Intrauterine Insemination: IUI

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number…

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In Vitro Fertilization: IVF

In Vitro Fertilization is a one assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by manually combining an egg…

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Embryo Transfer

Embryo transfer is a simple procedure that follows in vitro fertilization (IVF) and is often considered the simplest and final step of the in vitro fertilization process….

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Treating Infertility with Herbal Medications

Chinese herbs have been used for approximately 2500 years to treat a wide array of health problems. Herbal medicines may enhance fertility by supporting the natural functions…

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Infertility and Chiropractic Care

Chiropractic care is health maintenance of the spinal column, discs, related nerves and bone geometry without drugs or surgery. It involves the art and science of adjusting…

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Infertility and Acupuncture

Acupuncture is the insertion of ultra-thin, sterile needles into specific acupuncture points on the body which reside on channels or meridians; these are pathways in…

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What is Infertility?

Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children. It affects approximately 10-15% of couples throughout the United States. The diagnosis…

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Infertility Terms to Know

Adverse outcome: A pregnancy that does not result in a live birth, including miscarriage, induced terminations, and stillbirths. ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology): Any procedure where eggs are surgically…

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Working Through the Emotions of Infertility

  What impact does infertility have on emotional well-being? Infertility often creates one of the most distressing life crises for couples.  Struggles with conception can…

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Infertility Medications

Medications are a regular and normal part of infertility treatments and the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure. These medications are used to prepare the body for treatment…

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Fertility FAQ

When is a woman’s most fertile time? A woman’s most fertile time is during ovulation. Ovulation typically occurs within day 11 through day 21 of a…

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Ovulation Tests

Ovulation tests are used to determine your fertile days so that you can maximize your efforts in trying to conceive. Although more expensive, some women will…

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Pregnancy Tests

Pregnancy tests can either be urine or blood tests, but the most commonly used are urine tests. Urine pregnancy tests are accurate and they carry…

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Understanding Ovulation

What is Ovulation? Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary, pushed down the fallopian tube, and is available to be fertilized….

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Ovulation Kits & Fertility Monitors

Tracking ovulation through fertility awareness procedures is the best way to identify the appropriate time to get pregnant. However, ovulation kits and fertility monitors help further determine your expected…

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Signs of Ovulation

The signs of ovulation vary from woman to woman. It is possible that some women will not even experience ovulation symptoms. The time of ovulation…

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Ovulation Frequently Asked Questions

How do I calculate when I am ovulating? The timing of ovulation is complex and can take some studying of your body and your cycles to…

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Taking a Pregnancy Test

Taking a pregnancy test can be filled with excitement for some people, whereas for others it may be a little intimidating. Before you take a pregnancy test,…

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Preconception Nutrition

Preconception Nutrition: Increasing Fertility More and more preconception nutrition research is showing that food and healthy nutrition are tied to fertility health. There are nutritional needs…

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Genetic Counseling

  What is genetic counseling? Genetic counseling is the process of determining the risk you have of passing on an inheritable disease to your baby. Genetic…

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Trying to Conceive After Age 35

Many women today find themselves trying to conceive after the age of 35. This opportunity can be full of joys and riddled with new questions. Despite the…

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Preconception Health for Men

As couples prepare for pregnancy, it is easy to focus only on the woman’s health. However, there are several habits men need to be forming during these…

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Am I Pregnant: FAQs on Early Pregnancy

There are many situations that lead women to ask the question “Am I pregnant.” The following questions are some of the most frequently asked questions that the…

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Can Pregnancy Occur if…? Pregnancy Myths Cleared Up!

Can pregnancy occur, if penetration only happens for a few seconds, can a woman get pregnant? Anytime the penis comes into direct contact with the vaginal area,…

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Calculating Conception

  Gestational age, or the age of the baby, is calculated from the first day of the mother’s last menstrual period. Since the exact date of conception…

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Morning Sickness

Nausea and vomiting can be one of the first signs of pregnancy, and usually begins around the 6th week of pregnancy. It can occur at anytime of…

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Pregnancy Discrimination

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical…

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Setting Up a Birth Defects Prevention Campaign in Your Company

Approximately 150,000 children are born every year in the United States affected by one or more birth defects. Although the cause of over 60% of birth defects…

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Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition that occurs when one of the two X chromosomes found in females is missing or incomplete. It is a chromosomal condition…

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Financial Assistance for Adoption

The costs related to adoption can vary, but in most cases the amount of money necessary to pursue adoption is substantial. The costs related to adoption include…

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Adoption: Frequently Asked Questions

  How involved can I be with my baby, and will my child get a chance to contact me years from now? At the time of…

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Understanding Pregnancy Tests: Urine & Blood

There are two types of pregnancy tests; one uses a urine sample, the other a sample of blood. Both tests detect the presence of a hormone called…

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Preconception Health for Women

Pregnancy should not be considered only a 9 month journey but as a yearlong journey. Knowing that the first few weeks of pregnancy are the…

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Pregnancy Symptoms — Early Signs of Pregnancy

Think you may be pregnant? Pregnancy symptoms differ from woman to woman and pregnancy to pregnancy. Outside of a delayed or missed period, find out what other signs and symptoms to look for.

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Childbirth Education Classes

For most pregnant women, even if you already have a child, the labor and birth process can be both overwhelming and joyful. Many women and their partners…

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