Fetal Distress

The term fetal distress has historically been used to describe when the fetus does not receive adequate oxygen during pregnancy or labor. Learn more about fetal distress.

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Cutting the Umbilical Cord

Once your baby is birthed, the umbilical cord will no longer be necessary. Learn more about the function of the umbilical cord and when to cut it.

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Rapid Labor

Rapid labor is characterized by labor that can last as little as 3 hours and is typically less than 5 hours. Learn more about the signs and management of rapid labor.

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Nitrous Oxide During Labor

Several countries with high standards for health care use nitrous oxide to treat pain during labor. Learn more about the benefits and risks of using nitrous oxide during labor.

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Crowning

Crowning takes place when the baby’s head remains visible without slipping back in as you are pushing during birth. Learn more about crowning during birth.

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Back Labor

Back labor refers to the pain and discomfort that laboring women experience in their lower back. Learn more about the causes and treatments for back labor.

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Inducing Labor

Labor may be induced if it is the safest option for you and your baby. There are a couple of ways to induce labor. Learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

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Effacement

Effacement occurs in order to help prepare your cervix for labor. Learn more about what the term effacement means and how it is measured.

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Stages of Childbirth: Stage II

The second stage of labor will include the delivery of your baby. Learn more about what to expect during this stage of labor and tips for making this stage easier.

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Stages of Childbirth: Stage I

The first stage of labor is the longest. There are many tips you can follow to make this stage easier. Learn more about what to expect during this phase.

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Care for the Premature Baby

Premature babies will need special care during the beginning of their life. The NICU helps to provide your baby with the medical treatments and care he/she needs.

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Patterned Breathing During Labor

Patterned Breathing During Labor: Techniques and Benefits Patterned breathing refers to the act of breathing at any number of possible rates and depths. Some women…

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General Anesthesia

Using General Anesthesia During Labor: Risks to Mother and Baby Being informed about general anesthesia will help prevent mothers from being caught by surprise in…

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Spinal Block

Facts About the Spinal Block Procedure A spinal block is sometimes called a “spinal.” In this procedure, a narcotic or anesthetic such as fetanyl, bupivacaine…

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Pudendal Block

During the second stage of labor, a pudenal block may be given with a local anesthetic, in order to relieve the pain before delivery. Here is more information on what to expect.

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Local Anesthesia

Labor can be a painful experience. However, a number of local anesthetics are available to help provide pain relief. Read more about your options.

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Epidural Anesthesia

An epidural is the most popular form of anesthesia during labor. There are several benefits to an epidural, but also a number of potential risks.

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Circumcision

If you have a baby boy, you will need to make a decision about whether or not to circumcise. Here is information about the procedure and potential complications.

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Signs of Labor

When you enter the late phase of your pregnancy, you will begin looking for evidence that you are going into labor. Here are some signs to look for around week 38.

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False Labor

As you eagerly await the arrival of your newborn, you may begin to experience “false labor.” There are a number of ways you can differentiate between this and the real thing.

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Mucus Plug: Bloody Show

A sign of impending labor is loss of the mucus plug, or the “bloody show.” Although not always an indication that birth is imminent, it may be that your body is preparing for labor.

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Braxton Hicks Contractions

Braxton Hicks contractions may begin occurring as early as the second trimester, and are often mistaken for early labor. Don’t be alarmed if you experience them.

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Premature Labor

Preterm labor refers to going into labor before the 37th week of pregnancy. There are steps you can take to decrease your risk of this occurring.

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Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD)

When a baby is too large to fit through the pelvis during birth, this is known as cephalopelvic disproportion. Mothers who experience this will likely undergo C-section.

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Episiotomy

If the vaginal opening is not wide enough during labor, an episotomy may be necessary. This is a surgical incision used to enlarge the vaginal opening.

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Breech Births

Most babies will move into delivery position a few weeks prior to birth, with the head moving closer to the birth canal. When this fails…

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Cesarean Birth After Care

The days following the birth of your baby, the postpartum period, can be one of the most challenging times for mothers and families. This period…

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Trying to Avoid a Cesarean

There has been a gradual increase in cesarean births over the past 30 years. In November of 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported…

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Risks of a Cesarean Procedure

Cesarean Procedure: Risks & Complications for Mother & Baby A cesarean birth occurs through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus rather than through…

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Cesarean Procedure

Cesarean birth happens through an incision in the abdominal wall and uterus rather than through the vagina. There has been a gradual increase in cesarean…

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Reasons For a Cesarean Birth

A cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through the abdomen. There are numerous reasons why a doctor may recommend a cesarean.

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Birth Centers

If you are looking for a natural birthing option and have a low-risk pregnancy, you may want to consider giving birth in a birth center. Here is what you can expect at a birth center.

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Water Birth

Many women choose to have a water birth because it is more gentle on the baby and reduces stress for the mother. Find out more about the benefits and risks of water birth.

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Home Birth

More women are considering having a home birth. If you have a low-risk pregnancy, you may want to learn more to determine if having a home birth is right for you.

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Assisted Delivery

An assisted delivery may be necessary if a mom and baby need additional help towards the end of delivery. Forceps or a vacuum extractor are generally used in such cases.

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Kegel Exercises

Kegel exercises help strengthen the vaginal muscles as well as the muscles that support the uterus. Practicing Kegels can help you have an easier birth.

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Creating Your Birth Plan

A birth plan can help clarify your desires for the birth of your baby and help you communicate clearly with everyone involved. Here are some tips for creating a birth plan.

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Labor & Birth Terms to Know

It is important to be informed about common terms related to labor and birth. An understanding of these terms will help you be better prepared for delivery.

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Having a Doula: Is a Doula for Me?

Doulas provide physical, emotional, and educational support thorughout labor. They use a variety of pain-relief techniques to help you have a positive birth experience.

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Cord Blood Banking

Cord Blood Banking: Costs and Risks Cord blood is the blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta following birth. It is blood that…

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Midwives

Midwives: Benefits of Having a Midwife The term midwife reflects a philosophy of care–one that is directed toward women and their individual reproductive needs. A…

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Newborn Testing

Newborn Testing: Types of Tests for Newborns Now that you have had your baby and the delivery was a success there is still one more…

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Childbirth Education Classes

Childbirth Education Classes: Types and Benefits For most pregnant women, even if you already have a child, the labor and birth process can be both overwhelming…

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