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Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida

  Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that affects approximately 3,000 pregnancies each year. Although the occurrences appear to be decreasing, Spina bifida occurs in approximately seven of out…

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Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21

Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21

Down syndrome is the most common birth defect in the United States. It was first described in 1866 and is named after John Langdon Down, the doctor who first identified…

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Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital Heart Defects

Heart defects are among the most common form of birth defects. More than 32,000 infants are born each year with some form of heart defect (1 out of every 125…

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Cleft lip and Cleft Palate

Cleft means ‘split’ or ‘separation’. During early pregnancy separate areas of the face develop individually and then join together. The lip usually closes by 5 to 6 weeks after conception,…

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of conditions that affect control of movement and posture. Because of damage to areas of the brain that control movement, an affected child cannot…

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Autism

Autism

  Autism is a developmental disability that usually appears during the first three years of life. It is a neurological disorder that impacts the normal development of the brain in…

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Tips For Preventing Birth Defects

Tips For Preventing Birth Defects

Approximately 150,000 children are born every year in the United States affected by one or more birth defects. Although the cause of over 60% of birth defects are not known,…

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Turner Syndrome

Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition that occurs when one of the two X chromosomes found in females is missing or incomplete. It is a chromosomal condition that only affects females. It…

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