Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a neural tube defect that occurs approximately 7 times in every 10,000 pregnancies. Here are common symptoms of spina bifida, as well as ways to lower the risk.

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Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21

Down Syndrome, the most common birth defect in the US, affects around 6,000 babies a year. Here are symptoms, risk factors, and screening information for the disorder.

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Congenital Heart Defects

The most common form of birth defects are congenital heart defects. This article describes the causes, symptoms, and treatments of congenital heart defects.

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Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

The 4th most common birth defect is a cleft lip or palate. Caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, it can be addressed by surgery and orthodontic care.

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Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy, a disorder that affects cognitive and physical functioning, occurs in 2-3 births out of every 1,000. Here is more about signs, symptoms, and treatments.

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Autism

Autism is one of the most common birth disorders. It affects emotional and mental functioning. There are a number of resources that provide information for further research.

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Turner Syndrome

When one X chromosome is missing or only partially present in females, Turner syndrome is the result. Here are common symptoms, as well as treatments for the disorder.

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